What is a cabochon and how is it made? Cabochon (from the French caboche - head) is a method of processing a precious or semi-precious stone, in which it acquires a smooth convex polished surface without edges; A stone processed in this way is also called a cabochon. The French believe that they were the ones who invented this type of cut.

However, historical facts suggest otherwise. Jewelry with stone scarab beetles was found in the tombs of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. Their body had a rounded-convex appearance. The French perfected the cutting technique and gave it this name. However, the round version of the cut was used everywhere.

Cabochons were especially popular between the 16th and 19th centuries. They went out of fashion in the 20th millennium. For a long time, wearing large stones was considered a sign of bad taste. Fashion is cyclical, and now retro has become a part of our lives again. Brooches and pendants with stone cabochons were presented on the catwalks of the most famous fashion houses.

There are several shapes and types of cabochons.

1. Concave-convex. Gems resemble a kind of bridge. This is not the most durable option, which is rarely used to create unusual jewelry.

2. Flat. One side of the gem is flat, and the other is slightly rounded.

3. Single. The mineral has a flat bottom, and on the other side it is strongly convex.

4. Double. Gems convex on both sides. Moreover, the lower side is flatter than the upper.

To create our products, we most often use flat or single cabochons.

The manufacturing technology is as follows:

1. All excess is cut off from the amber, giving it the desired shape;

2. then it is polished using a grinding wheel, eliminating irregularities;

3. After this, it is polished, due to which the amber acquires a greasy or glassy sheen.